|What is scoliosis?||Diagnostic|
Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, which often comes along with a rotation of the vertebral bodies. The curvature and the rotation cause different effects on the body. The severeness of the scoliosis is judged by the size of the curvature, the rotation and the physical maturity. The worse the scoliosis gets the more increases the risk of physical impairments. These impairments can lead from a deformation of the body to functional impairment of the intestinals or even to a shortened life exceptancy. Ca. 4% of the population are affected of scoliosis. The real number is unknown because often it is existing but unknown. Ca. 80% of the scoliosis are named idiopathic scoliosis because no one knows the cause. Girls and women are significant more affected than the boys and men.
Scoliosis counts to the growth deformations and mainly appears in the childhood and adolescence. Appears the scoliosis in the early childhood (1-2nd living year) it is called infantile scoliosis, does ist appear in the kindergarten age it is called juvenile scoliosis and if it appears in the puberty it is called adolescent scoliosis.
Another differentiation is made on the basis of the location of the curvature. There are existing thoracal scoliosis (main curvature in the thoracal spine), lumbar scoliosis (main curvature in the lumbar spine), double major scoliosis (two nearly equal curvatures) and thoracolumbar scoliosis (curvature in the transition of thoracal and lumbar spine).
Weiß, H.R. / Rigo, M. (2001). Befundgerechte Physiotherapie bei Skoliose. München: Pflaum.